A particular process whereby Lycra®* is covered with a continuous filament yarn (Velvet*).
Perforated pattern (openwork) created by structuring stitches.
During the manufacture of tights, Lycra® is frequently knitted (alternating) into every second row.
The term denier* does not refer to the thickness of the yarn in this case, but instead to the appearance of the tights.
Describes all processes that tights go through once knitted, in order to obtain their colour, texture and shape.
Bicoloured or bicoloured pattern.
Bicomponent yarn
A yarn where two different basic materials with differing shrinkage characteristics are joined into a single filament*.
effect yarns with loops or ringlets.
Brand name of INVISTA* (formerly DuPont) Bicomponent yarn*.
Chiné look
Bicoloured, blurry background.
Corespun yarn
“Wrapped core”. Cotton or wool are wrapped around elastane.
Colour Swatch
Texture and colour swatch
Control Top
Top tights with figure-shaping panty section.
Often used in combination with other materials (e.g. Opaque Naturel*).
(Abbreviation: dtex) Metric measure for description purposes.
(Abbreviation: den) The thickness of a yarn. The thinner, the finer, e.g. 5 den = 9,000 m of a yarn weighs 5 grams.
Double wrapped Lycra®
Lycra®* wrapped inside and outside, mostly with smooth Nylon*, one wrap anticlockwise, one clockwise.
INVISTA (formerly DuPont)
Producer of synthetic fibres (important brand names: Lycra®*, Tactel® *,Cantrece®*).
is a general umbrella term for super elastic fibres that can be combined with all natural fibres and synthetic fibres.
The basic material – be it natural or synthetic – from which textile yarns and fabrics are produced.
A tiny threadlike element of a continuous synthetic fibre.
A single fibre in continuous synthetic fibres.
A stocking is pulled over a leg form and given its leg shape by the application of heat.
Hosiery article not visible in a closed shoe, protecting the foot (Pas de deux).
Hosiery gloves
Gloves for putting on tights
Crimped yarn
(Bulked yarns) achieved with mechanical treatment and heat, crimped yarns made of synthetic filaments*.
Artificial silk
Original term for continuous viscose filament yarn.
Brand name for elastane* from INVISTA* (formerly DuPont), super
Lycra® 3D
Lycra® is knitted into every stitch and every row. This creates a superbly even look, maximum elasticity and extraordinary fit, e.g. “Individual”. Developed in 1991. Tights produced in this way and that meet prescribed standards have been certified by INVISTA (formerly DuPont) since 1994 and designated Lycra® 3D.
Stitch stop
Knitted-in symbol (in micromesh*). No ladders.
Merino yarn
Material made of the fine wool of Merino sheep.
Microfilament, microfibre
Consists of very many fine single filaments or single fibres (1.0 – 0.3 dtex).
Durable knitting design where stitches only run upwards. Because it looks a little coarse and has a pattern similar to honeycomb it is rarely used for the leg but rather generally for reinforcing the panty section (panty section Absolute Support with Control Top).
Elastic only in one direction.
Bare Lycra®
Lycra®* is used as made by INVISTA* (formerly DuPont), without any enwinding.
Another term for polyamide.
Non see-through
Opaque Naturel
product made of cotton (inside) and polyamide* (outside), created using a special Wolford knitting technique (plating).
Knitting two threads in parallel, such as glazed yarn and cotton, so that the glazed yarn appears on the outside and the cotton on the inside.
Reciprocated heel
Knitted heel on tights (as opposed to formed heel).
Brand name for polyamide*.
Piqué look
Waffle look.
Synthetic fibre.
Synthetic fibre: used for products with bi-colour effect*.
Push-up effect
Forming and supporting effect on certain parts of the body (Push-up Synergy).
Raschel fabrics
produced on special tricot fabric machines
Unhooped look
The same yarn is used in every row (as opposed to: alternating*), e.g. Individual
Round luminous
The cross section of Nylon yarn* filaments* is round.
Round luminous
The cross section of Nylon yarn* filaments* is round.
Satin Opaque
Tights with luxuriously iridescent, opaque material.
Satin Sheer with Lycra®
Protected trademark of INVISTA* (formerly DuPont) for legwear with wrapped Lycra® in every second row.
Group of transparent legwear items.
Stay-up* lace ribbons or smooth ribbons are coated on back with silicone, providing superior adhesion on leg.
Hold-up stocking with a (lace) ribbon coated on back with silicone*.
Knitted trim
Trim is knitted to tights (e.g. Individual).
Support & Forming
Supporting and forming.
Registered trademark of INVISTA (formerly DuPont) for a family of garment fibres based on polyamide.
Thermo-mechanical altering of smooth filaments with the aim of increasing total volume and elasticity.
Textured yarn
Crimple yarn or bulked yarn.
Trilobal fibre
Cross section of Nylon yarn* filaments composed of three semi-circles.
Wrapped Lycra®
Lycra®* wrapped with polyamide*, material used most in the hosiery industry.
Velvet de Luxe
Super soft polyamide yarn, specially produced for Wolford.
Particularly stressed segments such as toe section, heel or panty section become more hard-wearing with added knitted-in Nylon.
Synthetic fibre made of a natural basic material (cellulose).
Washbag for legwear and bodywear
Wool seal/wool mark
Protected quality label for new wool with certain quality features.
Wool Cotton
Cotton on skin and finest wool on outside, made possible through a special knitting technique developed by Wolford (plating).

Note: The terms contained and explained in the glossary are marked with a *